Until the 1970s, it was widely used as a taxi in many parts of Italy
Fiat Multipla - 65
The original Fiat 600 Multipla was based on the Fiat 600's
drivetrain, model 1100 coil and wishbone independent
front suspension, and sat six people in a footprint just 50
centimetres (19.7 in) longer than the original Mini Cooper.
The driver's compartment was moved forward over the
front axle, effectively eliminating the boot but giving the
body a very minivan-like "one-box" look. Behind the front
seat the vehicle could be arranged with a flat floor area
or a choice of one or two bench seats.
A633cc,RHDMultipla,wastestedbytheBritishmagazineTheMotorin1956andwasfoundto haveatopspeedof57.1mph(91.9km/h)andcouldacceleratefrom0-50mph(80km/h)in 43.0seconds. Afuelconsumptionof38.4milesperimperialgallon(7.36L/100km;32.0mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £799 including taxes on the UK market.In1956,Fissoredesignedaremarkableopen-toppedMultiplaprototypecalledthe"Marinella" withawooden-slatwraparoundbenchintherear. AFiat600Multiplatowingacaravanisusedin the video clip of the Crowded House hit Weather with You from their 1991 album Woodface.The Multipla name was re-introduced in the late-1990s, for the Fiat Multipla compact MPV.
TheFiat600(Italian:Seicento)isacitycarproducedbytheItalianmanufacturerFiatfrom1955 to1969.Measuringonly3.22m(10ft7in)long,itwasthefirstrear-enginedFiatandcostthe equivalentofabout€6,700orUS$7300intoday'smoney(590,000lirethen).Thetotalnumber producedfrom1955to1969attheMirafioriplantinTurinwas2,695,197.Duringthe1960s,'70s and'80s,thecarbecameverypopularincountriessuchasSpain(asSEAT600),whereitbecame theicon,parexcellence,oftheSpanishmiracle,Argentina,whereitwasnicknamedFitito(a diminutive of Fiat) and former Yugoslavia where it was nicknamed Fićo.
Thecarhadhydraulicdrumbrakesonallfourwheels.Suspensionwasauniquesingledouble-mountedleafspring-whichactsasastabilizer-betweenthefrontwheelscoupledtogas-chargedshockabsorbers,andanindependentcoil-over-shockabsorbersetupcoupledtosemi-trailingarmsattherear.All600modelshad3-synchro(nosynchroon1st)4-speedtransaxles. UnliketheVolkswagenBeetleorFiat500,theFiat600iswater-cooledwithanamplecabin heaterand,whilecoolingisgenerallyadequate,forhigh-powermodifiedversionsafront-mountedradiatororoilcoolerisneededtocomplementtherear-mountedradiator.Allmodels of the 600 had generators with mechanical external regulators.Thetopspeedrangedfrom95km/h(59mph)emptywiththe633ccinline-fourengineto110 km/h (68 mph) with the 767 cc version. The car had good ventilation and defrosting systems.Ayearafteritsdebut,in1956,asoft-topversionwasintroduced,aswellasasix-seatervariant — the Fiat 600 Multipla. It was a precursor of current multi-purpose vehicles.Retrospectivelythewater-cooledFiat600issometimesover-shadowedbytheair-cooledFiat 500,butthe600wasaremarkablyfastsellerinitstime:themillionth600wasproducedin February1961,lessthansixyearsafterthecar'slaunch. Atthetimewhenthemillionthcarwas produced,themanufacturerreporteditwasproducingthecaratthethenremarkablerateof 1,000 a day. As of 2011 there are only 65 left in the UK that are road legal.
Engine767 cc4 cylindersPower29 HPTop speed115 km/hLenght/width3,53 m/1,45 mWeight750 kg
Photos mainly by Matti Kreivilä. Historical facts and technical details of the vehicles provided by Wikipedia. Movies YouTube.